BY LINCOLN ANDERSON | Updated Nov. 13, 12:30 p.m.: In a case of neglect followed by a renovation-and-repair project gone horribly awry, the city has ordered the immediate demolition of a landmarked, 200-year-old Greenwich Village building that is now at risk of imminent collapse.
Meanwhile, things could get even worse, in a disastrous domino effect, as an adjacent building has also been seriously structurally compromised due to “illegal and unpermitted” work, according to the Department of Buildings, which says it is working to try to save the building.
Village Preservation reported that the city has greenlighted the destruction of 14 Gay St. — between Christopher Street and Waverly Place — “following what we have been told is dangerous, unpermitted work on the site that compromised its structural integrity.”
The preservation group, local politicians and neighbors will hold a press conference and demonstration on Mon., Nov. 14, at 4:30 p.m.. in front of the house, “to demand accountability and call for reform in the city’s system for monitoring and protecting historic structures.”
According to complaints posted on the D.O.B. Web site, the townhouse has been in a dilapidated and unsafe condition for at least a few years.
The current owner of both 14 Gay St. and the adjacent 16 Gay St. is apparently the Nazarian Property Group, which purchased the two buildings and three other nearby addresses for $12 million in April.
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In February 2020, an external cellar wall at 14 Gay St. was reported to be “leaning/bowing out into the areaway.”
In March 2020, the building was reported to be “leaning and unstable.”
In July 2021, a complaint notes the building was “shaking/vibrating/structural stability affected/unstable building.”
Finally, on Mon., Nov. 7, D.O.B. slapped a partial stop-work order, plus a full vacate order, on the property, noting that debris was either falling or “at risk of” falling, that the building’s foundation was “unsafe” and that “unpermitted structural work” had been being done.
A subsequent complaint posted on Nov. 9 notes that — in the “emergency work” that was previously being done to shore up the building — 75 percent of a load-bearing cellar wall had been removed, but without installing adequate support to hold up the structure above, leaving the place now “unstable and at risk of collapse.” The complaint further declares, “immed demo bldng,” meaning the building is immediately to be brought down, with a start date given of today, Fri., Nov. 11.
An emergency stop-work order was also slapped on 16 Gay St. next door, where unpermitted work on a foundation wall has compromised the building’s stability, according to D.O.B.
Village Preservation provided some historic background on the doomed structure: “The house at 14 Gay St. was built around 1827. In the 1930s, writer Ruth McKenney lived at the address and wrote of her time there in The New Yorker short stories “My Sister Eileen,” which was turned into a book, play, radio and television series and two films, and became the basis for the musical “Wonderful Town,” which has, in turn, been produced many times for the stage, film and TV. The iconic building was immortalized in photographs by Berenice Abbott.”
Ironically, McKenney wrote about the basement apartment that she and her sister shared being rocked by dynamite explosions from the construction of the nearby I.N.D. subway line.
According to Village Preservation, the history- and culture-laden house “survived riots, fires and 200 years of wear and tear — but under a new owner and the watch of the NYC Department of Buildings and Landmarks Preservation Commission, it is being torn down to avoid imminent danger to neighboring structures and passersby.”
Village Preservation is not questioning the emergency need to take immediate action “to protect public safey.” However, the organization is outraged about and questioning how things reached this sorry state, saying, “Something is very wrong with this situation.”
“This is the 10th landmarked, early 19th-century house in Greenwich Village the city has ordered demolished based upon work or conditions that have compromised its safety or integrity. Public records show this fragile house has had violations for years. Clearly the city agencies in charge of monitoring and protecting historic buildings are not doing enough.”
Following this article’s publication in The Village Sun on Friday, the Department of Buildings on Sunday morning sent the newspaper the following statement:
“After finding that 14 Gay St. was in immediate danger of collapse due to unapproved construction work in the cellar, D.O.B. forensic engineers took immediate action to protect the public. A construction fence has been installed around the two affected properties, and the owners have been ordered to carefully dismantle the unstable building. As we work to save the historic building at 16 Gay St., we have also issued orders for emergency shoring work there to prevent further damage to any neighboring buildings. Putting the public at risk with dangerous, unapproved construction work is unacceptable, and we will be taking appropriate action to hold the responsible parties accountable.”
D.O.B. also provided the the following timeline and informational facts about the two buildings:
- Earlier this week, the 2-story building at 14 Gay Street was undergoing permitted structural repair work, including the approved replacement of a foundation wall in the cellar, when large cracks began appearing on the exterior walls of the building.
- 14 Gay Street is located within the bounds of the Greenwich Village Historic District, and the application to repair the building was reviewed and approved by DOB and our partners at LPC.
- DOB inspectors were called to the scene on 11/7/22, and conducted an investigation of the ongoing repairs. We found that the contractors at 14 Gay Street were not properly following the engineer’s approved plans for the permitted foundation wall work. In addition, our inspectors found that additional work had been performed on the foundation wall of 16 Gay Street without proper permits or approvals from DOB.
- DOB forensic engineers were called to the scene, and they determined that the illegal, unpermitted work at 16 Gay Street and the illegal work contrary to plans at 14 Gay Street had left the foundation walls between the two building unsupported. This caused the structural stability of the two building to be compromised.
- It was further determined that 14 Gay Street was in immediate danger of collapse, that exterior shoring would not prevent the building from an uncontrolled collapse, and it was not safe for anyone to go inside of the building.
- As a result, and in the interest of public safety, DOB issued emergency work orders for the installation of a construction fence around the two buildings, and the immediate demolition of 14 Gay Street using hand tools from the exterior of the building. The owner’s contractors have begun this work under the direct supervision of the owner’s engineer.
- DOB engineers are working with the owner’s contracted professional engineer to save 16 Gay Street, which is also structurally compromised. The owner’s engineers and DOB engineers will continue to monitor 16 Gay Street and have begun installing shoring measures at the compromised building, while the neighboring building is being demolished. After 14 Gay Street is brought down to a safe level, a determination can be made whether 16 Gay Street can be properly shored from the inside and fully stabilized.
- Both buildings were empty, and no residents have been displaced by this incident.
- DOB’s investigation into this incident is ongoing. Enforcement actions against the responsible parties is pending that investigation.
So how come nobody is mentioning the name of the developer, who I guarantee did this deliberately so they could build something new and charge more money?
This was not deliberate. This started with a fire on Christmas Eve 2003 in the basement that killed David Ryan in the famed apartment and caused structural damage. Then the work next door at 12 Gay by the Russian oligarch destabilized the building. I lived there 26 years, moved around the corner in June and was a witness to all of this, including long conversations with the new owner about his plans for the 6 buildings that were owned by Celeste Martin.
Heartbreaking. Last month a friend and I sat having coffee on the stoop next door and chatted w the contractor in charge of the renovation. He seemed a little cavalier when he told us about the renovation and mentioned that he also would be working on the two very old buildings on Christopher, around the corner, with the similar dormer windows…….
I hope the DOB has canceled those permits…
This is soul-crushing news. Has LPC called for salvaging the facade bricks, and any other historic fabric that could be used in a reconstruction? Joists? Flooring?
Agree — the developer did this deliberately to allow teardown.
The City should require the developer to rebuild it.
this is devastating – both architecturally and residentially for those living here. lionel nazarian & the nazarian group should be forced to accurately (& structurally soundly) replicate these beautiful landmarked structures. the financial burden is on nazarian.
legislation needs to be enacted to prevent this from ever happening again – to any structure….landmarked or not.
violations need to have force of law to cure.
There is no question that the immediate situation at 14/16 Gay St is highly odoriferous. But that apart, this problem has been building for many years, as the houses in question have steadily deteriorated, something that has been clearly evident to anyone who walks by. Even as it makes owners of historic buildings jump through expensive, time-consuming and nerve-wracking hoops to do the simplest necessary repairs, the Landmarks Commission does nothing to prevent the demise of such buildings through total and irresponsible neglect. The bureaucrats need to reorder their priorities.
Looking at NYC HPD info for 14 Gay Street this is found:
THIS PROPERTY IS NOT CURRENTLY VALIDLY REGISTERED WITH HPD
14 Gay Street has not been validly registered since 09/01/2021.
The same non-valid registration situation exists at 16 Gay Street. AND at 18 Gay Street (aka 16 Christopher).
All 3 buildings are apparently owned by the same development team.
When the building owner doesn’t comply with the law, and fails to register the building, then that’s a tell-tale sign of trouble.
Why doesn’t HPD proactively compel owners to comply with the law, rather than allow this?
It’s so absurd that the city would let this get to this point of no return… another modest architectural beauty of the city’s 19th century heritage destroyed.
As the owner of a similar house in the LES, I can attest that Landmarks makes basic repairs more time-consuming and expensive than they need to be. They take a long time to approve plans, which can be very costly when you have a scaffold up. They will not allow small alterations such as slightly enlarging a skylight to admit more light. Thus they make owning a landmarked building onerous even for those who love their old buildings.
Yet they fail to protect entire buildings from the predations of greedy developers.
There should be more flexibility with owners, but stricter enforcement through penalties for serious neglect and illegal work.
In a case like this, require the owner to rebuild the house, using salvaged materials where possible.